March 27, 2023 7:01 pm
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‘No Country For Young Men’ – How Old Is The Head Of State Of Each Nation

How many world leaders are in each generation?

This visualization by Edit Gyenge visualizes the ages of every nation’s head of state as of March 22, 2023, comparing them with the median population of the respective country. It uses data from the CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia.



Editor’s note: This visualization looks specifically at heads of state. It should be mentioned that depending on the system of government in a country, heads of state shown here may or may not have actual political power. In some countries, the head of state may be a ceremonial position that does not impact day-to-day governance.

The Oldest and Youngest Heads of State

Here is the full list of heads of state, from oldest to youngest:

Country Head of State Gender Age Generation
Cameroon Paul Biya Male 90 Silent Generation
Palestine Mahmoud Abbas Male 88 Silent Generation
Saudi Arabia Salman Male 88 Silent Generation
Norway Harald V Male 86 Silent Generation
Kuwait Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Male 86 Silent Generation
Iran Ali Khamenei Male 84 Silent Generation
Denmark Margrethe II Female 83 Silent Generation
Ireland Michael D. Higgins Male 82 Silent Generation
Italy Sergio Mattarella Male 82 Silent Generation
Namibia Hage Geingob Male 82 Silent Generation
Cote d’Ivoire Alassane Ouattara Male 81 Silent Generation
Malta George Vella Male 81 Silent Generation
Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Male 81 Silent Generation
Zimbabwe Emmerson Mnangagwa Male 81 Silent Generation
United States Joe Biden Male 81 Silent Generation
Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari Male 81 Silent Generation
Dominica Charles Savarin Male 80 Silent Generation
Congo, Republic of the Denis Sassou Nguesso Male 80 Silent Generation
Bangladesh Abdul Hamid Male 79 Silent Generation
Austria Alexander Van der Bellen Male 79 Silent Generation
Ghana Nana Akufo-Addo Male 79 Silent Generation
Iraq Abdul Latif Rashid Male 79 Silent Generation
Uganda Yoweri Museveni Male 79 Silent Generation
Nepal Ram Chandra Paudel Male 79 Silent Generation
Liechtenstein Hans-Adam II Male 78 Silent Generation
Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Male 78 Silent Generation
Laos Thongloun Sisoulith Male 78 Silent Generation
Nicaragua Daniel Ortega Male 78 Silent Generation
Algeria Abdelmadjid Tebboune Male 78 Silent Generation
Eritrea Isaias Afwerki Male 77 Baby Boomers
Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf Male 77 Baby Boomers
Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah Male 77 Baby Boomers
Samoa Afioga Tuimaleali’ifano Va’aleto’a Sualauvi II Male 76 Baby Boomers
Djibouti Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Male 76 Baby Boomers
Finland Sauli Niinistö Male 75 Baby Boomers
Antigua and Barbuda Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Australia Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Bahamas Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Belize Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Canada Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Grenada Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Jamaica Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
New Zealand Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Papua New Guinea Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Saint Kitts and Nevis Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Saint Lucia Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Solomon Islands Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Tuvalu Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
United Kingdom Charles III Male 75 Baby Boomers
Portugal Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa Male 75 Baby Boomers
Barbados Dame Sandra Mason Female 74 Baby Boomers
Sri Lanka Ranil Wickremesinghe Male 74 Baby Boomers
Pakistan Arif Alvi Male 74 Baby Boomers
Haiti Ariel Henry Male 74 Baby Boomers
East Timor José Ramos-Horta Male 74 Baby Boomers
Bahrain Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Male 73 Baby Boomers
Ethiopia Sahle-Work Zewde Female 73 Baby Boomers
Myanmar Myint Swe Male 72 Baby Boomers
Marshall Islands David Kabua Male 72 Baby Boomers
South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit Male 72 Baby Boomers
Georgia Salome Zourabichvili Female 71 Baby Boomers
Thailand Maha Vajiralongkorn Male 71 Baby Boomers
Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon Male 71 Baby Boomers
Russia Vladimir Putin Male 71 Baby Boomers
South Africa Cyril Ramaphhosa Male 71 Baby Boomers
Panama Laurentino Cortizo Male 70 Baby Boomers
Cambodia Norodom Sihamoni Male 70 Baby Boomers
Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev Male 70 Baby Boomers
China Xi Jinping Male 70 Baby Boomers
Mexico Andrés Manuel López Obrador Male 70 Baby Boomers
Yemen Rashad al-Alimi Male 69 Baby Boomers
Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Male 69 Baby Boomers
Angola João Lourenço Male 69 Baby Boomers
Singapore Halimah Yacob Female 69 Baby Boomers
Belarus Alexander Lukashenko Male 69 Baby Boomers
Oman Haitham bin Tariq Male 69 Baby Boomers
Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Male 69 Baby Boomers
Malawi Lazarus Chakwera Male 68 Baby Boomers
Luxembourg Henri Male 68 Baby Boomers
Latvia Egils Levits Male 68 Baby Boomers
Ecuador Guillermo Lasso Male 68 Baby Boomers
Lebanon Najib Mikati Male 68 Baby Boomers
Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud Male 68 Baby Boomers
Germany Frank-Walter Steinmeier Male 67 Baby Boomers
Guatemala Alejandro Giammattei Male 67 Baby Boomers
Greece Katerina Sakellaropoulou Female 67 Baby Boomers
Mauritania Mohamed Ould Ghazouani Male 67 Baby Boomers
Central African Republic Faustin-Archange Touadéra Male 66 Baby Boomers
Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev Male 66 Baby Boomers
Philippines Bongbong Marcos Male 66 Baby Boomers
Rwanda Paul Kagame Male 66 Baby Boomers
Tunisia Kaïs Saïed Male 65 Baby Boomers
Monaco Albert II Male 65 Baby Boomers
Estonia Alar Karis Male 65 Baby Boomers
Benin Patrice Talon Male 65 Baby Boomers
India Droupadi Murmu Female 65 Baby Boomers
Trinidad and Tobago Paula-Mae Weekes Female 65 Baby Boomers
Comoros Azali Assoumani Male 64 Baby Boomers
Suriname Chan Santokhi Male 64 Baby Boomers
Gabon Ali Bongo Ondimba Male 64 Baby Boomers
Mozambique Filipe Nyusi Male 64 Baby Boomers
Seychelles Wavel Ramkalawan Male 64 Baby Boomers
Argentina Alberto Fernández Male 64 Baby Boomers
Armenia Vahagn Khachaturyan Male 64 Baby Boomers
Mauritius Prithvirajsing Roopun Male 64 Baby Boomers
Romania Klaus Iohannis Male 64 Baby Boomers
Tonga Tupou VI Male 64 Baby Boomers
São Tomé and Príncipe Carlos Vila Nova Male 64 Baby Boomers
Malaysia Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah Male 64 Baby Boomers
Honduras Xiomara Castro Female 64 Baby Boomers
Niger Mohamed Bazoum Male 63 Baby Boomers
Tanzania Samia Suluhu Hassan Female 63 Baby Boomers
Japan Naruhito Male 63 Baby Boomers
Cabo Verde José Maria Neves Male 63 Baby Boomers
Belgium Philippe Male 63 Baby Boomers
Colombia Gustavo Petro Male 63 Baby Boomers
Cuba Miguel Díaz-Canel Male 63 Baby Boomers
Sudan Abdel Fattah al-Burhan Male 63 Baby Boomers
Kiribati Taneti Maamau Male 63 Baby Boomers
Israel Isaac Herzog Male 63 Baby Boomers
South Korea Yoon Suk-yeol Male 63 Baby Boomers
United Arab Emirates Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Male 62 Baby Boomers
Afghanistan Hibatullah Akhundzada Male 62 Baby Boomers
Costa Rica Rodrigo Chaves Robles Male 62 Baby Boomers
Indonesia Joko Widodo Male 62 Baby Boomers
Botswana Mokgweetsi Masisi Male 62 Baby Boomers
Czechia Petr Pavel Male 62 Baby Boomers
Senegal Macky Sall Male 62 Baby Boomers
Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev Male 62 Baby Boomers
Jordan Abdullah II Male 61 Baby Boomers
Montenegro Milo Ðukanovic Male 61 Baby Boomers
Maldives Ibrahim Mohamed Solih Male 61 Baby Boomers
Peru Dina Boluarte Female 61 Baby Boomers
Zambia Hakainde Hichilema Male 61 Baby Boomers
Venezuela Nicolás Maduro Male 61 Baby Boomers
North Macedonia Stevo Pendarovski Male 60 Baby Boomers
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Félix Tshisekedi Male 60 Baby Boomers
Bulgaria Rumen Radev Male 60 Baby Boomers
Lesotho Letsie III Male 60 Baby Boomers
Morocco Mohammed VI Male 60 Baby Boomers
Bolivia Luis Arce Male 60 Baby Boomers
Micronesia David W. Panuelo Male 59 Baby Boomers
Fiji Ratu Wiliame Katonivere Male 59 Baby Boomers
Sierra Leone Julius Maada Bio Male 59 Baby Boomers
Vanuatu Nikenike Vurobaravu Male 59 Baby Boomers
Lithuania Gitanas Nauseda Male 59 Baby Boomers
The Gambia Adama Barrow Male 58 Generation X
Syria Bashar al-Assad Male 58 Generation X
Togo Faure Gnassingbé Male 57 Generation X
Liberia George Weah Male 57 Generation X
Croatia Zoran Milanovic Male 57 Generation X
Kenya William Ruto Male 57 Generation X
Bosnia and Herzegovina Željka Cvijanovic Female 56 Generation X
Albania Bajram Begaj Male 56 Generation X
Netherlands Willem-Alexander Male 56 Generation X
Dominican Republic Luis Abinader Male 56 Generation X
Spain Felipe VI Male 55 Generation X
Eswatini Mswati III Male 55 Generation X
Slovenia Nataša Pirc Musar Female 55 Generation X
Mongolia Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh Male 55 Generation X
Burundi Évariste Ndayishimiye Male 55 Generation X
Iceland Guðni Th. Jóhannesson Male 55 Generation X
Palau Surangel Whipps Jr. Male 55 Generation X
Kyrgyzstan Sadyr Japarov Male 55 Generation X
Serbia Aleksandar Vucic Male 53 Generation X
Vietnam Võ Văn Thưởng Male 53 Generation X
Paraguay Mario Abdo Benítez Male 52 Generation X
Switzerland Alain Berset Male 51 Generation X
Poland Andrzej Duda Male 51 Generation X
Moldova Maia Sandu Female 51 Generation X
Guinea-Bissau Umaro Sissoco Embaló Male 51 Generation X
Slovakia Zuzana Caputová Female 50 Generation X
Uruguay Luis Lacalle Pou Male 50 Generation X
Cyprus Nikos Christodoulides Male 50 Generation X
Madagascar Andry Rajoelina Male 49 Generation X
Nauru Russ Kun Male 48 Generation X
Libya Mohamed al-Menfi Male 47 Generation X
Hungary Katalin Novák Female 46 Generation X
France Emmanuel Macron Male 46 Generation X
Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy Male 45 Generation X
Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Male 43 Generation X
Guinea Mamady Doumbouya Male 43 Generation X
Guyana Irfaan Ali Male 43 Generation X
Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Male 43 Generation X
El Salvador Nayib Bukele Male 42 Millennials
Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedow Male 42 Millennials
North Korea Kim Jong-un Male 41 Millennials
Mali Assimi Goïta Male 40 Millennials
Chad Mahamat Déby Male 39 Millennials
Chile Gabriel Boric Male 37 Millennials
Burkina Faso Ibrahim Traoré Male 35 Millennials

Though ages vary across countries and regions, Africa has both the oldest and youngest heads of state in the world today.

Last month, Cameroon’s president Paul Biya celebrated his 90th birthday, making him the oldest head of state in the world in a country that has a median population age of just 18.5 years. The African continent is home to about one-third of the world’s silent generation heads of states.

At the other age extreme, 35-year-old Ibrahim Traoré became the youngest head of state in Burkina Faso after a coup d’etat in September 2022.

Traoré is not the only millennial head of state out there. He is joined by others including Chile’s Gabriel Boric, and North Korea’s well-known Kim Jong-un.

Baby Boomers Lead the Way

Born between 1946 and 1964, the baby boomer generation dominates the world’s state leadership roles today.

Over 58% of the world’s heads of state are in this generation, including the UK’s King Charles III who is the head of state of 15 total nations.

Boomers also make up the largest share of women leaders in the top state positions today. While only around 10% of the world’s nations have women head of states, 65% of them are in this generation.

Included in this subset are heads of state such as Peru’s president Dina Boluarte, Honduras’ president Xiomara Castro, and India’s president Droupadi Murmu.

Where Gen X Takes the Lead

According to historical trends, one might expect to see an American president from Generation X in office sometime soon, but that has not yet materialized for various reasons.

However, this generation has made their mark in other parts of the world as heads of state, especially in Europe.

The presidents of Ukraine (Volodymyr Zelenskyy), France (Emmanuel Macron), and Hungary (Katalin Novák) are in Gen X, and are also Europe’s youngest heads of state.

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